The surviving plays by Aristophanes are a treasure trove of comic presentation.Two influential historians of this age are Herodotus and Thucydides.Poems created in the Preclassical period were meant to be sung or recited (writing was little known before the 7th century BC).Most poems focused on myths, legends that were part folktale and part religion. At the beginning of Greek literature stand the works of Homer; the Iliad and the Odyssey.By 338 BC many of the key Greek cities had been conquered by Philip II of Macedon.
Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek dialects.
Greek poetry flourished with significant contributions from Theocritus, Callimachus, and Apollonius of Rhodes.
Theocritus, who lived from about 310 to 250 BC, was the creator of pastoral poetry, a type that the Roman Virgil mastered in his Eclogues.
Lyrical poetry, odes, pastorals, elegies, epigrams; dramatic presentations of comedy and tragedy; histories, rhetorical treatises, philosophical dialectics, and philosophical treatises all arose in this period.
The two major lyrical poets were Sappho and Pindar.